miércoles, 17 de abril de 2013

Buying a ticket.ROLE PLAY FOR ELT


How about a role play? Learning how to use means of transport is very useful and easy. Let's watch a video on how to buy a train ticket:


Here, you've got some typical conversation tips at an airport:

TIPS:
CKECK IN: hacer el "check in", con el billete
SUITCASE: MALETA
CABIN: CABINA (CABIN LUGGAGGE: EQUIPAJE DE MANO)
AISLE: PASILLO
SECURITY CHECK: control de seguridad
ITEMS: things, cosas
BOARDING PASS: tarjeta de embarque

sábado, 6 de abril de 2013

MODAL VERBS I. ELT NOTES


a.        General notions: mODAL VERBS ARE used to express mood or speaker’s attitude towards the action. (permission, obligation, possibility…)

b.        Form:
a.        Invariable, never change
                                                               i.      I must study/// She must study
b.        Followed by verbs in BARE INFINITIVE:
                                                               i.      You can go out/ she can go out/ they can’t go out
c.        Auxiliary verbs:
                                                               i.      Inversion in questions: Can I go to the toilet?
                                                              ii.      Short answers. Yes you can
                                                            iii.      Negative form: You can’t go out/ You mustn’t go out
                                                             iv.      Don’t use other verbs to change tenses

c.        Features
a.        Position: before the verb in affirmative and negative, at the beginning in the interrogative.

b.       
INVARIABLE:
                                                               i.      Modal+ modal=
                                                              ii.      To+modal=
                                                            iii.      Modal+to=
                                                             iv.      Modal+ing
                                                              v.      Modal+”S”
                                                             vi.      Modal+verb-“S”
                                                           vii.      Modal+verb- ING 

  1. Meanings
    (INFLUENCE/ KNOWLEDGE)


MEANING

PRESENT

PAST

FUTURE

Permission

Can/ can’t
May/ may not

Could/ couldn’t
Might/ might not

Will be able to

Orders


Must/mustn’t
Have to –mustn’t
       Don’t
have to

Had to

Will have to

Advice


Shall

Should



Ability


can

could

Will be able to

Predictions


Can
May
Will/ won’t

Shall/ shall not

Could
Might
WOULD/ wouldn’t(condition)




Past indicates politeness and less possibility

In general, all modal verbs don't have all the forms, and some of them are not commonly used (eg. shall) 


Past  form of modal verbs can have three possible meanings (called TENTATIVITY in grammatical terms): 
a. More politeness  (for permission): Can I go out? vs. Might I go out? THe second implies more politeness than the first, while the second, also implies that the speaker considers it more unlikely to recieve permission
b. Less possibility: (specially for predicitons, but can also be for permission) : I will do it indicates more possibility than I would do it. In fact, will is related to future tense in Spanish and WOULD is related to conditional tense in Spanish. 
c.  Past tense: It can mean that a situation happened in the past: I could read when I was four, refers to the past. 

Now, here you are a few easy activities divided by their meaning: 
Activities on ability: 

In the future entries, I'll include activities on each meaning. See you soon!!!

                  A. D. Antonio Bueno, uno de mis grandes maestros, que me enseñó tanto sobre los verbos modales y sobre tantas cosas más. 

martes, 2 de abril de 2013

OUR BODY. VOCABULARY ELT

Describing human body is not difficult, because some technical words come from Latin and are quite similar to Spanish.


Now, let's focus on internal organs,
It is also necessary to remember that we use possessive adjectives before the parts of the body: we say " my eyes, my legs"