domingo, 8 de diciembre de 2013

What do you do? JOBS IN ENGLISH


  • What's your job? What do you do? 

These expressions are used to ask about jobs and employment.The word WORK is a verb which means TRABAJAR, and is it's also used in expressions like: Had work (trabajo duro).We say:

  •  "I work as a teacher, I work as a lawyer"

The word CAREER is used to refer to employment, (carrera laboral in Spanish, "I have a long career as singer"). Carrera referring to studies is called: Degree (carrera universitaria).

USEFUL EXPRESSIONS:
  • Ganarse la vida: to make a living, to earn a living
  • Employer (empleador) employee (empleado)
  • To be unemployed (desempleado) to be on the dole (estar en el paro)
  • To recruit staff (contratar plantilla) is the opposite of TO DISMISS STAFF (despedir plantilla). To fire someone (despedir, in a colloquial way, echar)
  • To make money: ganar dinero
  • To retire (retirarse, jubilarse).

The following link also shows more words related to this lexical field

jueves, 28 de noviembre de 2013

THANKSGIVING: HISTORY AND FACTS (ELT listening)

THANKSGIVING IS A REALLY POPULAR HOLIDAY CELEBRATED IN THE UNITED STATES OF AMERICA.
THis video explains a bit of its origins, with subtitles. However, some words can be a bit difficult.


ANSWER THE QUESTIONS: 

  • Who wanted to go to US to scape from prosecution?
  • What happened after 12 years in Holland?
  • WHere did the sip set sail?
  • How long did the journey take?
  • Where did they arrive?
  • What was the name of the ship?
  • Who was Squanto?
  • What did the native indians teach to the pilgrims?
  • What did they celebrate the first Thanksgiving?
  • When do they celebrate Thanksgiving now?

harvest: cosecha
sail: navegar
seek: buscar (look for)
Threaten: amenazar
The Puritans: Puritanos
exchange: a cambio de
weaken: debilitar
survive: sobrevivir
barn: choza
half: la mitad
sorrow: pena, tristeza
drought: sequía
trading relations: relaciones comerciales
poisonous: venenoso
crops: cultivos, semillas
fast: ayuno
gather: reunirse

Curious facts about THANKSGIVING from the History channel : 

  • What did they eat in the first Thanksgiving?
  • Was there turkey or pumpkin pie?
  • Which president made it a National Holiday?
  • Who was the first president to pardon a turkey?


martes, 26 de noviembre de 2013

WH QUESTIONS II

Sometimes, it is necessary to include more wh-elements in our list. THis chart may be helpful:

What ? - ¿Qué? ¿Cuál? ¿Cuáles? How often ? - ¿Con qué frecuencia?
What else? - ¿Qué más? How long ? - ¿Cuánto tiempo? ¿Qué longitud?
Which ? - ¿Qué? ¿Cuál? ¿Cuáles? How long ago? - ¿Hace cuánto tiempo?
How ? - ¿Cómo? ¿Cuán? How old ? - ¿Qué edad? ¿Cuán viejo?
How else ? - ¿De qué otra manera? How soon ? - ¿Cuán pronto?
When ? - ¿Cuándo? How big ? - ¿Qué tamaño? ¿Cuán grande?
Where ? - ¿Dónde? ¿Adónde? How far ? - ¿A qué distancia? ¿Cuán lejos?
Where else ? - ¿Dónde más? How tall ? - ¿Qué estatura? ¿Cuán alto?
Why ? - ¿Por qué? ¿Para qué? How deep ? - ¿Qué profundidad?
Who ? - ¿Quién? ¿Quienes? How early ? - ¿Cuán temprano?
Who else? - ¿Quién más? How late ? - ¿Cuán tarde?
Whom ? - ¿A quién? ¿A quiénes? How heavy ? - ¿Qué peso? ¿Cuán pesado?
Whose ? - ¿De quién? ¿De quiénes? How thick ? - ¿Qué espesor? ¿Cuán grueso?
How much ? - ¿Cuánto/a? What time ? - ¿Qué hora? ¿A qué hora?
How many ? - ¿Cuántos/as?
Let's do some activities

http://www.tolearnenglish.com/english_lessons/wh-questions-exercises
http://www.englishexercises.org/makeagame/viewgame.asp?id=1718
http://personales.ya.com/mjandres/archivos/whq1.htm
http://www.englishexercises.org/makeagame/viewgame.asp?id=1898

x

lunes, 25 de noviembre de 2013

QUESTIONS IN ENGLISH I (Yes/ no and wh-) FOR ELT


QUESTIONS IN ENGLISH
A. Questions in English always require the use of an auxiliary verb that appears at the beginning of the sentence followed by the subject of the sentence. AUXILIARY+ SUBJECT+ (MAIN VERB)...B. The answers will depend on the type of question. Eye on the second person.



YES NO QUESTIONS

WH QUESTIONS
-ANSWER: YES/NO
-Start with an auxiliary verb:
         -To be, have got,  do/does, DID,  modal verbs (CAN, COULD, MAY, MUST, SHOULD...)
                        Is Peter Happy?
                        Do you like chocolate?
 AUXILIARY+ SUBJECT+ (MAIN VERB)...
               ANSWER
Is Peter good at tennis?
                   Yes, she is/ No, she isn’t
YES/NO +SUBJECT+ AUXILIARY(AFF/NEG)
Does Peter speak English?
            Yes, he does/ No, he doesn’t
Can they sing?  Yes, they can/ No, they can’t
Can you speak English?
       Yes, I can/ No, I can’t
Are you good at tennis?
       Yes, I am
Are you and Martin good students?
      Yes, we are/ No we aren’t
-long answer: extra information
-Start with WH element+ AUXILIARY VERB
          -WHO: PEOPLE……….. QUIEN
          -WHAT: THINGS…………qUÉ
          -WHEN: TIME………..CUÁNDO
          -WHERE: PLACE………DÓNDE
          -WHY: REASON ( because….)
                     POR QUÉ?
          -HOW:                 CÓMO?
                 -How often…Con Qué frecuencia
                 -How much…? Cuanto
                 -How many…?Cuántos
 WH WORD+ AUXILIARY+ SUBJECT+(MAIN VERB)....
               ANSWER
Where is Peter?
                   Peter is at home
        
Subject+main verb+answer
Who is your father?
                   My father is Pedro
When is the class?
                  The class is at 4.00
Why is Peter Sad?
             Peter is sad because he has got an exam
How is Joe?
             Joe is fine
How often do you play tennis?
           I play tennis everyday
How many pens has he got?
          He has got 5 pens

x

domingo, 10 de noviembre de 2013

PAST PERFECT AND SIMPLE PAST. EASY

Past perfect is a tense used to refer to an action happening before something else in the past. Have a look at the following presentation to learn about it, and do some practice afterwards.

    EXERCISES: 

    • Easy activities with self correction 
    • Rewriting activities (higher level ) with self correction: 
      • Goconqur
    • External links: 

    SEE ALSO: 

    jueves, 7 de noviembre de 2013

    HALLOWEEN GRAVEYARD. CEMENTERIO DE PERSONAJES ILUSTRES EN INGLÉS Y FRANCÉS AT IES RICARDO DELGADO VIZCAÍNO

    Halloween has passed and with it, the activities we have done for these days (which will last for some more days indeed).Thanks to a great collaboration from all the teachers, we have created a Graveyard collecting tombstones, skeletons, scary elements and even more important, brief biographies from paramount worldwide figures.

    They ranged from Mathematicians, Writers, Poets, Painters, Kings, Queens, Rulers, Scientists... from all over the world and from different periods in  History.
    Very wellcoming doors for our graveyard. Come in!!!

    The setting: A spooky graveyard full of famous characters
    Detail from the picture wall in the classroom display drawn by D. Irene Baños, Arts Teacher

    This idea was partly based on that of a Mathematics Graveyard found on the internet in a high school in Murcia, Spain, however, it took more than a month of hard work.
    Details on the  English and French graveyard layout. Excellent  classroom display for Halloween..

    After choosing the important characters, the students looked for information on them and wrote brief biographies with the help of the teachers both in French and in English.
    Biographies in English in the Graveyard classroom display for ELT
    Meanwhile, the Arts teacher was desiging the tombstones with the help of some students. They had to work really hard. Selecting and making the decorations was sometimes a bit difficult, but decorating itself was even harder.
    Tombstones in the ELT Graveyard for our Halloween Display in IESRV Hight School (Pozoblanco)

    Finally, the students were presented with some questions on the famous people in order to do a reading comprehension activity, similar, to a certain extent, to a treasure hunt. Interdisciplinarity was also fostered because the characters belonged to different fields of knowledge. In addition to this, it is essential to mention the use of different Arts and Crafts techniques.
    Students doing information gap activities in our ENglish Graaveyard Classroom Display.
    This great place will also be used to make other activties like storytelling, listening to scary songs videos or performing role plays.Thanks to everyone's help it was done... and it will be in our high school for a few weeks. Do you dare to come in?

    lunes, 28 de octubre de 2013

    The ORIGINS OF HALLOWEEN. LISTENING FOR ELT

    What do you know about the origins of Halloween?

    Watch the following video and answer the questions:





    • When do we celebrate halloween?
    • Where did it originate?
    • When did it start?
    • What did the Christian Church do at 31st October? What did they conmemorate?
    • Why did people wear costumes?
    • Why did the celebration go to North America?
    • Name four words related to ghosts and spirits
    Now, you've got a more complex video  by National Geographic on the history of Halloween :

    The following glossary can help you to understand:
    -Celts (celtas) pronounced /kelts/
    -Harvest (cosecha)
    -The dead and ghosts walked the Earth: (los muertos y fantasmas paseaban por la tierra)
    --Gather: (reunirse)
    -Bonfire (hoguera=
    -THe Vatican (el Vaticano)
    -All SAints day (día de Todos los Santos)
    -Survival: supervivencia
    -Eve (la noche víspera, all hallows eve : noche anterior al día de los santos)
    -Wave of inmigrants: ola de inmigrantes
    -Potato FAmine (hambre de la patata, vivida por los irlandeses)
    -Tricks (trucos, bromas)
    -REmoving gates (quitar portones)
    -Masks. máscaras
    -VAndalism (vandalismo)

    Finally, what do you do to celebrate the 31st October and 1st November in your country?

    jueves, 24 de octubre de 2013

    AMERICAN ENGLISH.PRONUNCIATION AND VOCABULARY

    Do you know any typical American English words? For sure, COOKIES or CANDY come to your mind. Now, we are going to check some other differences as far as pronunciation and vocabulary are concerned. 


    Did you notice the difference between the English and American pronunciation? The best way to do it is to listen to a lot of music, and tv series, which are mostly broadcasted in the United States. 

    In the following video you can also see some funny vocabulary differences which can be found
    You can check for more realted to common words and slang at:
    LA MANSIÓN DEL INGLÉS

    lunes, 21 de octubre de 2013

    PARTS OF THE FACE FOR ELT (1º, 2º ESO)

    The parts of the face are also very important when describing a person.Watch the following video to complete your description from Creative English


      :
    REMEMBER: 

    • Adjectives go before nouns: BLUE EYES, BROWN HAIR, 
    • Some other words which can be useful:
    • skin: piel. We say: fair skin -(piel clara), dark skin (piel oscura)
    • hair: pelo. We say: fair hair (pelo claro) blond hair (pelo rubio), dark hair (pelo oscuro) brown hair (pelo castaño); black hair (pelo negro)
    • Typical words to give opinion on people can be: 
    • Beautiful (guapa, only for girls)
    • Handsome (gupao, only for boys)
    • Pretty (guapa))
    • Ugly (feo/a)
    • Good looking (guapo/a)


    lunes, 14 de octubre de 2013

    DAILY ROUTINES. What do you usually do? ELT PRESENT SIMPLE AND VOCABULARY


    Which things do you do everyday? Which are your favourite?
    As you know, to talk about our routines we use the SIMPLE PRESENT (remember, the base form plus "s" for third person singular. Auxiliary verb Do/does for negative and interrogative)
    In the following video, you can see some of them and also make a quizz at the end.


     As you know, to express the frequency we use some expressions like FREQUENCY ADVERBS:
    • ALWAYS (siempre)
    • ALMOST ALWAYS
    • USUALLY
    • SOMETIMES
    • HARDLY EVER
    • NEVER (nunca)
    For example: I usually play tennis. //// I hardly ever study. ///// Peter is always noisy.
    We can also use other expressions to express frequency such as: 
    • Once a (una vez) twice a (dos veces) three times a (tres veces) I go swimming three times a week/// twice a week....
    • Everyday (todos los días). It usually appears at the end of the sentence
    • How often....? (Con qué frecuencia)  THis question word is used to ask about the frequency. 



    Among them, which are your favourites?
    Which ones do you usually do?
    How often do you do them?

    domingo, 13 de octubre de 2013

    WHAT ARE YOU WEARING? CLOTHES VOCABULARY

    Can you describe the clothes you are wearning at the moment?A good help can be the following worksheet in which there are pictures of some typical clothes:

    TIPS TO REMEMBER 

    • WEAR means llevar puesto (I'm wearing a tracksuit)
    • CARRY means llevar, transportar (I'm carrying a school bag)
    • PUT ON means ponerse. TAKE OFF means quitarse
    • GET DRESSED means vestirse. GET UNDRESSED means desvestirse
    • NAKED means desnudo. BAREFOOTED means descalzo
    • TO BE DRESSED TO KILL means something like: de punta en blanco
    • When describing clothes, don't forget to write adjectives before nouns: A RED SKIRT, A SILK SHIRT (note that materials are also adjectives and don't need preposition in English:  una camisa de seda in Spanish: a silk shirt, or a wool sweatshirt (un jersey de lana))

    The following video  can also help you to improve your pronunciation






    Now, go ahead and describe everyone's clothes!!

    viernes, 11 de octubre de 2013

    STORIES WITH SUBTITLES: THE GREATEST TREASURE. ELT LISTENING

    Let me present an activty quite interesting for 2nd or 3rd year of ESO. It is watching a story with subtitles. It is called The Greatest Treasure. 
    To do this activity, you should listen to the video first without reading the subtitles and get the general idea. Then, you can watch it as many times as you wish. 
    Here is a list of words which appear in the story which can be useful to understand it. After listening, you have ot answer the following questions. 

    GLOSSARY: 
    cozy: cómodo
    agree: estar de acuerdo
    set off: empezar, emprender
    make through: atravesar
    join: unirse a, juntarse con, apuntarse
    sharp vision: vista aguda
    cheer: animar
    drown: ahogarse
    pull up: tirar hacia arriba
    eagle : águila
    slip. resbalar, deslizar
    climb: escalar
    wisdom: sabiduría
    owl: búho
    brave: valiente (corageous)
    cross: cruzar
    at each other: el uno al otro
    friendship: amistad
    QUESTIONS: 
    • What did Peter find at home?
    • Where did he arrive first?
    • Who did they meet in the mountain?
    • Who did they meet in the desert?
    • Who helped them cross the ocean?
    • Which animals appear in the story?
    • What was the treasure?
    • WHich places appear in the story?

    lunes, 7 de octubre de 2013

    BASIC ANIMAL VOCABULARY FOR PRIMARY AND 1º ESO.

    Do you remember the names of most animals in English? How many can you say?

    You can watch a video to check their spelling and  pronunciation





    Remember, animals can be grouped into: SEA ANIMALS (also fish,in general), MAMMALS, REPTILES, BIRDS,INSECTS (also bugs), FARM ANIMALS (domesticos) and WILD ANIMALS (salvajes) .

    viernes, 14 de junio de 2013

    Architecture and the passive FOR 4TH ESO AND BACHILLERATO

    Where do these images belong? THis is one of the most famous underground stations worldwide, and these corridors and stations are in Moscow. It was designed during the Soviet time and it was seen as one of the most original projects of its time. you can learn more at:

     http://lh6.ggpht.com/-sQpNuaFH55A/UZeh1rso8pI/AAAAAAAAogU/eaeqjb7hLwE/moscow-metro-stations%25255B2%25255D.jpg?imgmax=800

    Totally differently, these skycrapers were designed more recently, but, where are they built? Who were they designed by? What are they made of?
    THe most original aspect is their twisted shape. You can learn more here:
    http://lh6.ggpht.com/-HNIQo235Eeg/UXYqCFtnEII/AAAAAAAAnqA/bavqpG-Kuzw/twisted-towers%25255B4%25255D.jpg?imgmax=800
    Do you know the next image? Where is it?

    It is called METROPOL PARASOL and it was built in Seville quite recently. It was made of wood, and it is commonly known as the SETAS, what else can you say about it?
    learn more at: http://www.amusingplanet.com/search/label/Architecture?max-results=10


    FUNNY STUFF FOR READING (ESO AND BACHILLERATO)

    Any ideas for next summere latest craze? Here you`ve got some original  ideas to put on :

    http://www.amusingplanet.com/2012/08/the-latest-chinese-beach-craze-face-kini.html



    I guess most of you won't buy these face-kinis.
    WHat is the meaning of : "the latest craze"? It`s an expression which can be translated as: " la última moda"
    But it usually refers to really temporary things which become unfashionable very soon.

    The next story takes us to CHina again. Here, some people can have a nap in the most awkward places:
    http://www.amusingplanet.com/2012/06/sleeping-chinese-people.html
    Have you ever seen something like that? What is the most strange place where you have fallen asleep?

    ROLE PLAY SUGGESTIONS: AT A RESTAURANT AND IN A HOTEL FOR ELT

    Looking for new ideas for a role play? I know its hard now, and it can be a bit difficult to think about an original idea.

    Some have tried to create a conversation at a restaurant





    Some otheres have thought, for example about a hotel room:

    You already know that the most important thing here is to speak in English and have fun! All your suggestions and ideas are welcome!

    sábado, 11 de mayo de 2013

    We are what we eat: food vocabulary

    CAN YOU WRITE A RECIPE IN ENGLISH?HOW DO YOU TALK ABOUT SOME FOOD?HOW DO YOU SAY THE WAY WE COOK?

    Let's go ahead. First of all, there are some vegetables that we can use



    Fish and meat are also necessary for a healthy and nutritious diet: 
    6+

    miércoles, 17 de abril de 2013

    Buying a ticket.ROLE PLAY FOR ELT


    How about a role play? Learning how to use means of transport is very useful and easy. Let's watch a video on how to buy a train ticket:


    Here, you've got some typical conversation tips at an airport:

    TIPS:
    CKECK IN: hacer el "check in", con el billete
    SUITCASE: MALETA
    CABIN: CABINA (CABIN LUGGAGGE: EQUIPAJE DE MANO)
    AISLE: PASILLO
    SECURITY CHECK: control de seguridad
    ITEMS: things, cosas
    BOARDING PASS: tarjeta de embarque

    sábado, 6 de abril de 2013

    MODAL VERBS I. ELT NOTES


    a.        General notions: mODAL VERBS ARE used to express mood or speaker’s attitude towards the action. (permission, obligation, possibility…)

    b.        Form:
    a.        Invariable, never change
                                                                   i.      I must study/// She must study
    b.        Followed by verbs in BARE INFINITIVE:
                                                                   i.      You can go out/ she can go out/ they can’t go out
    c.        Auxiliary verbs:
                                                                   i.      Inversion in questions: Can I go to the toilet?
                                                                  ii.      Short answers. Yes you can
                                                                iii.      Negative form: You can’t go out/ You mustn’t go out
                                                                 iv.      Don’t use other verbs to change tenses

    c.        Features
    a.        Position: before the verb in affirmative and negative, at the beginning in the interrogative.

    b.       
    INVARIABLE:
                                                                   i.      Modal+ modal=
                                                                  ii.      To+modal=
                                                                iii.      Modal+to=
                                                                 iv.      Modal+ing
                                                                  v.      Modal+”S”
                                                                 vi.      Modal+verb-“S”
                                                               vii.      Modal+verb- ING 

    1. Meanings
      (INFLUENCE/ KNOWLEDGE)


    MEANING

    PRESENT

    PAST

    FUTURE

    Permission

    Can/ can’t
    May/ may not

    Could/ couldn’t
    Might/ might not

    Will be able to

    Orders


    Must/mustn’t
    Have to –mustn’t
           Don’t
    have to

    Had to

    Will have to

    Advice


    Shall

    Should



    Ability


    can

    could

    Will be able to

    Predictions


    Can
    May
    Will/ won’t

    Shall/ shall not

    Could
    Might
    WOULD/ wouldn’t(condition)




    Past indicates politeness and less possibility

    In general, all modal verbs don't have all the forms, and some of them are not commonly used (eg. shall) 


    Past  form of modal verbs can have three possible meanings (called TENTATIVITY in grammatical terms): 
    a. More politeness  (for permission): Can I go out? vs. Might I go out? THe second implies more politeness than the first, while the second, also implies that the speaker considers it more unlikely to recieve permission
    b. Less possibility: (specially for predicitons, but can also be for permission) : I will do it indicates more possibility than I would do it. In fact, will is related to future tense in Spanish and WOULD is related to conditional tense in Spanish. 
    c.  Past tense: It can mean that a situation happened in the past: I could read when I was four, refers to the past. 

    Now, here you are a few easy activities divided by their meaning: 
    Activities on ability: 

    In the future entries, I'll include activities on each meaning. See you soon!!!

                      A. D. Antonio Bueno, uno de mis grandes maestros, que me enseñó tanto sobre los verbos modales y sobre tantas cosas más.